Les gangs de trafic d'enfants déplaçaient les femmes enceintes d'un pays à l'autre, attendaient qu'elles donnent naissance avant de vendre leurs bébés.
Les nouveaux-nés étaient vendus principalement pour l'adoption illégale mais également pour l'exploitation sexuelle, l'esclavage et pour mendier. La demande pour les bébés qui ne connaissaient que leurs parents adoptifs était grande. Les enfants n'ont pas d'identité officielle ou de nationalité prouvée et, en conséquence, une identité peut être facilement forgée en fonction du but pour lequel ils sont destinés. Ceci inclut la capacité de forger des documents pour les parents adoptants qui pourraient facilement être considérés des parents biologiques de l'enfant. Alternativement, puisque les enfants sont nés à l'extérieur des cliniques de santé formelles, on aurait besoin d'aucun document. Il n'y aurait aucune documentation officielle pour indiquer que le bébé n'était pas l'enfant des parents adoptifs ou qu'en effet il n'existait pas....
Détails dans l'article,
Baby-trafficking horror exposed paru dans The Sydney Morning Herald, le 24 mai 2009.
Le juge en chef de la Federal Magistrate's Court, John Pascoe, a déclaré les trafiquants trafiquent de plus en plus trafic de femmes enceintes, plutôt que les bébés, pour aider à réduire la mortalité et accroître les profits.
Il dit que la demande de pays développés pour les jeunes enfants pour l'adoption est un moteur clé du commerce...
Suite dans Unborn baby trafficking 'on the rise' (ABC News, 22 mai 2009)
Baby-trafficking horror exposed
CHILD-TRAFFICKING gangs were moving pregnant women from country to country, then waiting for them to give birth before selling their babies, Australia's chief federal magistrate said yesterday.
John Pascoe said the infants were being sold mainly for illegal adoption but also for sexual exploitation, slavery and begging.
He said demand for babies who only knew their adoptive parents was high. "More importantly, the children have no official identity or proven nationality and, therefore, an identity can be easily forged to suit the purpose for which they are intended," Mr Pascoe said in Singapore, addressing a conference on the trafficking in unborn children.
"This includes the ability to forge paperwork for adopting parents who could easily be deemed the child's biological parents.
"Alternatively, as the children are born outside of any formal health clinics, there may be no need for any paperwork at all.
"There would be no official documentation to indicate the baby was not the child of the adoptive parents or indeed that it even exists."
Mr Pascoe spoke of a case in November when Malaysian authorities raided two houses in response to a tip-off that they were being used to foster illegal immigrants from Indonesia.
Two women, both in an advanced stage of pregnancy, were arrested.
Also in the house were two babies whose mothers could not be found.
In the second house were found identity certificates, birth certificates, child adoption forms and other documents used to create false identities. Five Indonesian women and two Indonesian men were arrested.
Mr Pascoe said there was a need for tougher laws to fight the scourge.
The magistrate has become an outspoken critic of child trafficking since visiting Thailand, Burma and Laos last year, where he met women who had become victims of the trade. They had contracted HIV and been sent home to die.
"One of the alarming dangers where countries have inconsistent laws, especially between neighbouring countries, is that as unborn children are not recognised as people," he said.
"Traffickers may move an unborn child from a country with strict laws to be exploited in a country with more relaxed laws."
South-East Asian countries that are parties to the Trafficking Protocol, which was adopted by the United Nations and has been in force since 2003, are Thailand, Burma, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia.
Neighbouring China, Vietnam, and Singapore are not signatories.
"When a country has not signed or ratified the Trafficking Protocol, it may not have laws against trafficking, and, in the event that it does, may not address all situations in which the unborn child can be trafficked," Mr Pascoe said.
Unborn baby trafficking 'on the rise'
One of Australia's senior law officers says a new system of rights is needed to help fight a growing trade in unborn babies.
The chief magistrate of the Federal Magistrate's Court, John Pascoe, says smugglers increasingly traffic pregnant women, rather than babies, to help reduce mortality and increase profits.
He says the developed world's demand for young babies for adoption is a key driver of the trade.
Mr Pascoe will present a paper on the issue in Singapore this weekend.
He says thousands of expectant mothers are trafficked, and countries must make it as hard as possible for the smugglers.
"We need to move to a system that actually gives a child rights which crystallise the moment it is born and that those rights should include a right to know its nationality, to know who its parents are and generally to be properly cared for," he said.